By Anthony H. Rose, D. W. Tempest

ISBN-10: 008057968X

ISBN-13: 9780080579689

ISBN-10: 0120277085

ISBN-13: 9780120277087

This quantity in a research-level sequence covers various elements of microbial body structure and biochemistry together with inositol metabolisms in yeasts, bacterial adhesion, natural acids, the bacterial flagellum and the mechanical behaviour of bacterial telephone partitions. it truly is meant to be of use to microbiologists, biochemists and biotechnologists. different similar works during this sequence are volumes 29, 30 and 31.

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Extra resources for Advances in Microbial Physiology, Vol. 8

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Alycolipids. It is beyond the scopc of this review to discuss the extensive work on the biosynthcsis of the lipopolysaccharidcs of Gramnegative bacteria. An cxcellont review has rccently appeared (Liiderite, 1970). The formation of glycosyl diglycerides was shown by Lennarz (1964),Lennarz and Talamo (l966),and Kaufmann et al. (1965)to involve the transfer of a sugar from its appropriate nucleotide derivative to a diglyoeride. The system from Micrococcus lysodeikticus studied by Lennarz and Talamo (1966)rcsulted in the sequential formation of an a-D-manllOsJd (1 --f 3) diglyceride and a dimannosyl diglyceride from GDP-mannose and a 1,2-diglyceride, In the studies of Kaufman et al.

Cis-O,l0-Methylenchexadecanoicacid waa tho major 17-carbon cyclopropane fatty acid formed despite a preponderance of the 16: 1 A 7 over 16: 1 d9precursors. A similar preference was seen in the cyclopropane aldehydes. A similar sequence of reactions may be involved in the formation of cyclopropene fatty acids in higher plants (Hooper and Law, 1966). Cyclopropane fatty-acid synthetases do not appear to be preRent in animal tissues. The mid-chain, branched fatty acid, tuberculostearic acid ( 1O-methyl stearic acid) is formed from oleic acid in an analogous manner.

4 Randle et al. 2 Randle et al. (1969) Randle et al. (1969) Randle el al. 5 Thiele el al. (1968) White (1968) * Includes phosphrttidyldiinethylethanola~nine. Cells g o n n on glucose-minimnl media. 5-78%) compared with an average of 72% for the Eubacteriales (range 64-79%). When these major biosynthetic families of phospholipids in the two orders are compared, the similarities are probably more significant than the small differences in phosphatide compositions noted above. Within each order there are organisms that can carry out the threestep methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine that yields phosphatidylcholine, organisms that can carry out only the first methylation and organisms that appear to be incapable of N-methylating phosphatidylethanolamino.

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Advances in Microbial Physiology, Vol. 8 by Anthony H. Rose, D. W. Tempest

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